What is the disc herniation?
Disc herniation is a degenerative disorder of the spine, a disorder that many of us face in recent years and can cause intense suffering to patients, with an unpredictable progression. Spine diseases are very, very dangerous, both in the short and long term. Therefore, early identification of these may be the key to avoiding long periods of pain and suffering, but also the key to solving these medical problems very easily. So we have to understand the affection as a whole, starting with causes, then switching to symptoms and eventually to treatment.
So we start by learning a few things about the intervertebral disc, basically that segment affected by hernia:
- is an anatomical structure that lies between the vertebrae
- has the role of cushioning the shocks that would otherwise exert on the vertebrae
- allows some mobility of the vertebrae to each other, thus making the trunk movements
- has a structure formed internally from a gel-like pulse nucleus, and on the outside of a fibrous ring that holds the core
- usually, the most affected discs are the last two lumbar, L4 and L5, which support the highest weight.